To be an effective and successful angelfish breeder, there are several things to be aware of. Caring for and raising fish has always been a good way to spend your leisure time. Unlike dogs and cats, fish have less care and maintenance to worry about but this all depends on the breed of the fish that you wish to take care of. One of the more popular fishes available that can be bred easily is the freshwater angelfish or Pterophyllum scalare.
Simple Angelfish Facts
This angelfish is flat and has an almost triangular-shaped body. It is a sturdy fish that can survive in high alkaline waters with a pH of 6-8. They are small fishes that grow to a height of no more than 6-inches and feed on smaller fish and other macro-invertebrates.
Proper Angelfish Tank Setup
Angelfishes are simple creatures. Angelfish breeders must keep the aquarium bare of decorations. Space and height are important if you want your angelfishes to reach their full growth. An occasional plant such as the Amazon sword plant or any vertical surface will sufficed as a spawning area for the fish. No gravel is to be placed on the bottom of the aquarium if you want your fishes to survive up to the free-swimming stage.
Water Temperature is Important
The lifespan of the angelfish is dependent on the water temperature of the environment they live in. They thrive on warm temperatures ranging from 74°C to 84°C.
What to Feed Them
Tropical flakes, small live insects, insect larvae and newly hatched shrimp brine makes up the food for the angelfish.
Taking Care Of Breeding
To begin breeding the angelfishes, an angelfish breeder must first determine the sexes of the fishes. However, this can only be done when the breeding period for these fishes begin at 8-12 months. Before the fishes spawn, a papilla appears between the ventral fins and the anal fins of the angelfish. For females, the papilla is more prominent and blunt compared to the males. Angelfish pairs also have a “courtship dance” that may look like they are fighting by locking their mouths together and twisting in circles violently.
Preparing for the Fry
When a female angelfish becomes gravid or pregnant, the pair will retreat to a corner of the aquarium and “clean” the spawning area. Most parents may even get territorial so it’s better to have a single aquarium to a single pair unless it’s big enough for another couple, provided that there is a partition in the middle to separate both pairs. The female lays the eggs in an often straight but streaked line. The males would then touch the eggs one at a time with their papilla to fertilize it.
Other odd Behavior
Do not be alarmed when the males sometimes eat the eggs. It takes a while for some male angelfish to start being a “good dad”. The female lays an average of 1000 eggs at a time. It is not surprising also that some of the eggs will get eaten by the parents.
A healthy fertilized egg will appear clear and translucent. Infertile eggs turn white and sometimes fuzzy after 24 hours. If the eggs survive after 24-36 hours after they are laid, they will now hatch. It is also advisable to separate some of the small fry from their parents to prevent cannibalism.
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Angelfish are some of the most beautiful pet fish to own and given the right care they can be the center of you home for years!
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