One of the scariest moments for a fish owner is when they find out that their pet is or will be ill at some point in time. If you are a responsible fish owner then these concerns are at the top of your list, you probably check them for signs of disease on a regular basis. While this is very good practice and responsible fish care, you should pay more attention to preventing disease rather than treating them. Keeping this in mind I have created a simple list of 5 important tips to follow in order to prevent disease from spreading in your aquarium
1. Checking Equipment, this is the back bone of any aquarium, pumps filters heaters, are all referred as the life support system. The thermostat should be check daily. Drastic changes in temperature can stress the fish which often leads to disease and out breaks. Along with the temperature all other equipment should be checked daily, to ensure that they are turned on and operating properly. Checking equipment consistently can prevent a disaster from happening.
2. Changing water, this is probably the most important of the healthy suggestion. Consistent water changes removes any contaminants and waste from the aquarium that might not have been caught by the filters and replace them with fresh clean water. Typically you should perform water changes on a regular basis so that all of your water changes add up to about 100% in a month.
3. Feeding is extremely important, in general most fish should be fed two or three times per day, but each feeding should consist of only the amount of food to be consumed in about two to three minutes. Getting this practice perfected can take a while; some people might have to time the feeding from time to time to ensure proper feeding. In reality we could feed a fish five to ten times a day as long as the portions are small. The down side of feeding to often is that more often than not access food will end up diminishing the water quality, which causes a number of problems including disease.
4. Observation, make sure to keep a watchful eye, keep track of feeding time making sure that all fish get a proper share. There could be some bullies intimidating other fish a meal time, or maybe some fish are just picky about the type of food they’ll take. Do all fish appear to swim and breathe well? Although the question requires experience to answer, daily observation will provide all the expertise needed. Just like human disease, treatment is most successful when the infection is caught early.
5. Aggressions, keep it to a minimum, Even a tank full of so-called “community fish” can have compatibility problems, and fish that have gotten along just fine for months or years might suddenly begin to harass one another. And finally, are there any signs of torn fins, discoloration, white spots, red blotches or other signals of disease
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